TERMS BEGINNING WITH:
for making pasta, the pasta machine is an invaluable clay tool. It
consists of two metal rollers which are turned by a handle. It is
used for conditioning clay, mixing colors and rolling out thin even
sheets. The most popular brand seems to be the Atlas.
Brand name for a
line of mica powders made by Jacquard. The powders can be used to
create metallic and iridescent effects on the clay.
A clay-like synthetic
modelling material which will not dry out and can be cured at ordinary
oven temperatures of about 275 degrees. See What
is Polymer Clay? for more details.
A brand of polymer
clay made by the manufacturers of Sculpey. It is easy to condition
but not as soft as Sculpey and holds up to sculpting and canework
without mushing. It is also stronger than Sculpey and the metallic
and pearl colors have interesting mica effects. To reveal my bias,
it's my favorite clay to work with.
A cane which is
created using a quilt pattern.
Make a cane smaller
by squeezing, choking, rolling or pounding it. Ideally, the cane will
end up with a smaller version of the same pattern running through
it with little or no distortion.
composed of modeled forms that project
partially from a flat background. A polymer clay cameo could be one
A long thin cylinder
of clay. A log is normally thicker and a string would be thinner.
You can roll ropes of clay by hand or extrude them from a clay gun.
A brand of polymer
clay. It is a good beginners clay although it is a bit soft for some
A thin flat piece
of clay. A pasta machine is really useful for getting consistent regular
sheets but you can also make them using a rolling pin or brayer.
A technique developed
by Judith Skinner for creating smooth gradations of color. It involves
triangular sheets of two different colors and repeatedly folding them
and running them through the pasta machine. See the Resources links
section for lessons on this topic.
Long thin cylinder
Popular among internet
artists, a swap generally consists of a group of people making a certain
number of items on a theme. They all send the items to the moderator
who sorts them out and sends one of each item back to each participant.
Plates with different
textures on them which can be pressed into the clay. Some can even
be run through the pasta machine. They are available online from several
A liquid form of
the clay made by the makers of Sculpey. TLS cures to a flexible, almost
transparent film. It can be painted onto solid clay, used for transfers,
faux enamel effects, and a variety of other techniques.
Putting an image
onto polymer clay. The clay will pick up certain types of copier toner,
colored pencils, chalks, etc, which allows an image on paper to be
transferred to the clay. There are several types of transfers. Most
photocopies and some brands of colored pencils will transfer directly
if placed on the clay. Some brands of T-shirt transfer paper can be
baked onto clay to transfer the image. Transfers can also be made
onto Liquid Sculpey.
Clay which allows
light to pass through it. The thinner the clay, the more transparent
the effect. There is currently no truly transparent clay and plain
translucent looks rather milky on its own.